In other words, you will need to spend some instructional time modeling how to use several strategies within a single text and some instructional time teaching each strategy in isolation for deeper understanding of that strategy. In this set of video vignettes, Virginia elementary teachers demonstrate vocabulary and comprehension strategies that can be used in elementary classrooms to promote students’ vocabulary development and comprehension skills. You can use your guided reading/small group instruction and individual reading conferences to hone in on strategies and dive deeper to give students a stronger understanding of that strategy. Inferring:  If you see a little baby crying, I bet you can guess without a doubt how he or she is feeling. After students are able to practice the reading strategy through explicit instruction using LINKtivities, they can begin to apply the strategy to their independent reading books and beyond! It’s to win, of course! By understanding the prerequisite skills for reading, teachers can build a solid foundation for their students to learn and succeed in school. Reading Instruction Strategies Chapter Exam Instructions. 5. Students will likely need ongoing feedback to facilitate their proficiency at using comprehension strategies. Although you will continue to model an integrated use of all strategies in a whole-class setting, you will also begin to see individual students, or pockets of students, who could use explicit instruction for one or more strategies in isolation. Teaching Reading in Social Studies, Science, and Math, pp. Understanding the organization and meaning of text and instruction in both phonics and literature is essential to helping young children read. To help activate students’ prior knowledge, try asking them a few questions: “What do you know about this topic?” and “How can you relate this to your own life?” These types of questions help students personally connect to the text. 8. In order to do this, they can’t just go out on the field or court and run around without a plan of action. That’s called predicting. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. To introduce the strategies, tell students the name of each strategy, provide a basic definition and perhaps an example of when you have used this strategy in the past. . I think a post on the research base would be in order. The video captivates students right away and gives them a solid foundation of the strategy. When you first begin to model the strategies, resist the urge to go into too much detail about any one strategy while thinking aloud. Teaching reading strategies to help elementary students is so very important. It would be unrealistic to expect that every strategy is needed in every text. Reread. We can connect what is happening in the book to our own lives, other books we’ve read, or even things going on in the world. The pictures in your album help you to remember the time when that picture was taken. 4. Direct, Explicit Comprehension Strategy Instruction By: U.S. Department of Education. When you first start, you will be doing most of the work modeling the strategies. Most of us know that when a baby cries, he/she is usually hungry, tired, or needs a diaper change. 266-269 Beyond Monet, pp. Each LINKtivity provides students with the foundation, modeling, and authentic practice they need to build a complete understanding of each reading strategy. Check out our Reading Comprehension Strategy Resources. You take the information that the author has already given you and make a guess, or predict what will happen next. In the same way, readers can’t just read the words on the page, they have to use strategies to help them “win” at reading, AKA: understand the text. Graphic organizers are incredible teaching tools that have been used in the classroom for decades. When we teach our students reading strategies, we are giving students a guideline and a framework for how to think about what they are reading. The beauty of isolated instruction through LINKtivities is that you can assign students the specific reading strategy LINKtivity that fits their current need. I just learned…  Wait, I’m confused about what I just read, let me back up. In the same way, when we read, the author doesn’t always tell us directly why a character acts a certain way, or says something in particular. Then the other students in the class ask that student questions to try and figure out the word. That’s where reading comprehension strategies come in. Love podcasts? © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. By doing this, you are helping students understand that the end goal is to be able to use multiple reading strategies together as needed. This is the most effective strategy to get your students to want to read. And, eventually we want our students to be able to apply reading strategies fluidly and without much effort. you notice a student neglecting one or more reading strategies and heavily relying on only one or two, you notice a student misusing a strategy and you need to reteach it to help students begin using it correctly, you notice a student using a strategy in a superficial or surface level way and you want to help that student understand how to use the strategy on a deeper level or in a more authentic way. However, as students get a better grasp of how to use each strategy, you can then begin to invite them to share their own thinking. Comprehension strategies are routines and procedures that readers use to help them make sense of texts. are solely for the purpose of boosting comprehension of the text. When introducing each strategy, here is a sample, kid-friendly description to guide you: Making Connection:  Often when we read we find ourselves saying “That makes me think about a time when…”  “Or, that reminds me of another book I read…”  or “Reading that reminded me of something I saw on the news.”  That’s called making a connection. Reading strategies are super important to teach because by teaching them we show students how good readers think. Your read-aloud modeling session might follow this format: Activate prior knowledge/schema (What do you already know about the topic, genre, or author? It also in… Think Aloud. When saying a word, the teacher would orally clap or snap for each word that he/she says. As you know, when you get your students to connect what they are learning to something that they already know, there is a better chance that they will understand it better and remember it longer. These strategies stimulate both audio and visual perception, activate memory and semantic processing, enhance perception, engage syntactic knowledge and processing, teach narrative structure, and promo… 10 tips for differentiated reading instruction in K-3 - The Measured … And when you replay that mind-movie back to yourself, it helps you better remember and understand the book. This may sound overwhelming, but stay with me here. Student Grouping Strategies for Reading Instruction - Video & … One educational expert, Nancy Boyles, author of Constructing Meaning Through Kid-Friendly Comprehension Strategy Instruction, (affiliate link)  suggests introducing all of the reading strategies at once, or in 2-3 sessions depending on the attention span of your students. Explicit instruction in the key elements of a strategy … Many teachers can confidently say that they have not come across a student that didn’t like to use technology. 20-21. Lack of achievement NAEP statistics from 1992 to Good reading starts before you even open a book or read a sentence. Interactive reading strategy LINKtivities give your students engaging instruction rooted in best practices for literacy instruction. We might say:  “First I was thinking ___, but when I read ___, now I’m thinking…”  Each time we stop to think about what we’ve read, our thinking widens as we form new ideas. Check out this sample from my Inferring LINKtivity: From there, students explore the reading strategy as they read alongside a virtual “reading buddy” that models the strategy for them. The seven strategies here appear to have a firm scientific basis for improving text comprehension. Instead they come up with a plan, or strategy, to help them reach their goal of winning. More than that, taking this approach also can find you at the end of the school year with a strategy or two that you just were unable to get to for one reason or another. While one student may benefit from using a Venn diagram, another may benefit from using a semantic map. Then you can direct them to the section of books that you think they will be best suited for. There is also Seussville.com, which offers students interactive games that bring the Dr. Seuss characters to life. Yet, I felt something was missing. ), Stop to check for understanding (Did you understand what you just read? Cross-Curricular Literacy: Strategies for Improving Middle Level Students’ Reading and Writing Skills, Grades 6-8, pp. Maybe it was a family vacation or a birthday celebration. Reading aloud to students should also include stops to check for understanding. When we read, our thinking is like the water ripples. Predict:  Have you ever gotten to the end of a page or chapter in your book and made a guess about what you think will happen next? When you give students a voice and a choice, then they will choose something that is of interest to them. ), Check to see if your questions were answered or if your predictions were correct, Share final thoughts about the story as a whole. Unfortunately, reading can be a skill that many children struggle to master. Do not worry about using every strategy every time you read. Yes, we have used pre-reading strategies, learned about word origins,greek and latin word parts, and more. Just like on special occasions, when we read we can take pictures in our mind to help us better understand and remember that part of the story. Or, that inferring is like when the light bulb goes off in your head and you finally figure something out. If you’re brand new to the idea of LINKtivities, then this post might be helpful to help give you the bigger picture, but simply put: LINKtivities are digital interactive learning guides that allow students to explore a new concept through video, audio, graphics, and text, all at the pace and direction of the individual student. Reading Strategies for Beginning Readers - Biracial Bookworms LLC Reading is the single most important educational skill your students will learn. Sometimes in order to really understand what the author wants us to know, we need to search for the most important information. Locate Key Words. A quick comparison to any sports game can help with this. Only model the strategies that feel natural in any particular text. Online learning has been an educational option, especially in…. ), Predict what the book will be about/what you will learn, Ask yourself any questions that arise from reading the title or by observing the front cover illustration, Stop often to think aloud, sharing the strategies you are using, At first I was thinking ___ , but now I’m thinking…, Model how to check for understanding (Am I understanding what I read? Students must use your clues to determine what word you are thinking of from the word wall. That’s also why educators can become so dogmatic in regards to a certain reading instruction approach. Spell-A-Shape – For this activity, the teacher would dictate several words from the word wall. However, sometimes we need resources that we know will fit the bill for a specific reading strategy. When you string those pictures together, it’s almost like you’re creating a movie in your mind! I figured out what it is that we're missing last week. 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