Fiji Fun Facts and Trivia Until the mid-19th century, the practice of eating one’s enemy was an accepted and honored tradition in Fiji. The repatriated salaries of its overseas stars have become an important part of some local economies. One of Fiji's most successful sportsman is professional golfer Vijay Singh, winner of three major championships. Since the 1930s the population of Fiji has increased at a rate of 1.1% per year. Racial … [4] Archeological evidence suggests that Fiji was settled in three waves of immigration between 1230 BC–860 BC by early Polynesian peoples. Lower interest rates have so far not produced greater investment in exports. On the right hand side is the national coat of arms. They have many forest, mineral, and fish resources. Because of the success of Fiji's national basketball teams, the popularity of basketball has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Native Fijians of Melanesian and Polynesian ancestry make up 54% of the population. In 1875–76, an epidemic of measles killed over 40,000 Fijians, about one-third of the Fijian population. Fiji was a British colony for around 100 years when in 1970 it became an independent country. Fiji's culture is a rich mosaic of indigenous Fijian, Indo-Fijian, Asian and European traditions, comprising social polity, language, food (coming mainly from the sea, plus casava, dalo (taro) and other vegetables), costume, belief systems, architecture, arts, craft, music, dance, and sports. Fiji has 30 species of reptiles, 12 of which are endemic, such as the crested iguana. Fiji gained independence from the British Empire in 1970 after 96 years as a British colony. The first European settlers to Fiji were beachcombers, missionaries, whalers, and those engaged in the then booming sandalwood and bêche-de-mer trade. The most important islands are Vanua Levu and Viti Levu. The main towns on Vanua Levu are Labasa and Savusavu. . ; Pawpaw or papayas are a large refreshing fruit. Only 110 of them are inhabited and all of them are beautiful combinations of volcanic mountain ranges, rainforests, and gorgeous sandy beaches. Fiji profile Located in the South Pacific Ocean, the country of Fiji is a group of about 300 islands. Qarase adamantly refused either to concede or resign, and on 5 December the president, Ratu Josefa Iloilo, was said to have signed a legal order dissolving the parliament after meeting with Bainimarama. Indo-Fijians suffered reprisals for a period after the Fiji coup of 2000. Temperatures in the cool season still average 22 °C (72 °F). Fresh fruit is one of the best Fiji food for kids to eat on your holidays. Sports are very popular in Fiji, particularly sports involving physical contact. Fiji is an archipelago and country located in the South Pacific Ocean. There is no single island called Fiji. Members of the team are selected from a domestic Fijian competition, as well as from competitions held in New Zealand and Australia. Fiji is officially called the Republic of Fiji. Around 110 of these islands are inhabited, although 87% of the population lives on the two biggest islands Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. The descent is patrilineal, and all the status is derived from the father's side. With the exception of Rotuma, the Fiji group lies between 15° 42′ and 20° 02′ south. If, for example, war had been declared, Fijians would be sharpening their knives (and forks) in preparation of meeting their enemies. In 2009, Samoa announced their departure from the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance, leaving just Fiji and Tonga in the union. … The sport is governed by the Fiji Rugby Union which is a member of the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance, and contributes to the Pacific Islanders rugby union team. Only 110 of them are inhabited and all of them are beautiful combinations of volcanic mountain ranges, rainforests, and gorgeous sandy beaches. Peel the tough outer layer and chew on the woody insides to squeeze out the sweet juice. The archipelago is located between 176° 53′ east and 178° 12′ west. It has competed in the Rugby League World Cup on three occasions, with their best results coming when they made consecutive semi-final appearances in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup, 2013 Rugby League World Cup and 2019 Rugby League World Cup. google_ad_width = 160; Major industries in Fiji are tourism and sugar. Rugby Union is the most-popular team sport played in Fiji. Sugarcane is a delicious fruit. Netball is the most popular women's participation sport in Fiji. Here are some facts about Fiji. Bainimarama agreed with detractors who said that to grant amnesty to supporters of the present government who had played a role in the violent coup was a sham. Fiji is the hub of the South West Pacific, midway between Vanuatu and Tonga. Fiji or Republic of Fiji is actually an island nation with about 332 (though some sources have said 333) islands and 110 are inhabited. There are approximately 250,000 tourists visiting the islands each year. Fiji competes in the Pacific Tri-Nations and the IRB Pacific Nations Cup. Fiji qualified for the 2016 Summer Olympics men's tournament for the first time in history. This began the 2009 Fijian constitutional crisis. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 precipitated by a growing perception that the government was dominated by the Indo-Fijian (Indian) community. The promotion of arts and culture and the preservation of traditional crafts are an important part of Fiji’s development strategy. However, they have never reached a FIFA World Cup to date. By 1920, all indentured servitude had ended. That pottery is generally associated with peoples who had well-developed skills in navigation and canoe building and were horticulturists. Some progress was experienced by this sector when Marion M. Ganey, S.J., introduced credit unions to the islands in the 1950s. The life expectancy in Fiji was 72.1 years. Fiji is in the tropics about 500 miles (800 kilometers) southwest of Samoa and 1,100 miles (1,800 kilometers) north of New Zealand. It consists of more than 300 islands and 540 islets that occupy an area of 1,000,000 square miles. The coup of 1987 caused further contraction. However, the military, especially the nation's top military commander, Frank Bainimarama, strongly opposed this bill. On 20 February 2016, Fiji was hit by the full force of Cyclone Winston, the only Category 5 tropical cyclone to make landfall in the nation. Fiji's larger islands have extensive bus routes that are affordable and consistent in service. Inter-island ferries provide services between Fiji's principal islands and large vessels operate roll-on-roll-off services, transporting vehicles and large amounts of cargo between the main island of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, and other smaller islands. Sugarcane is a delicious fruit. google_ad_client = "pub-4643150179421087"; Over the next 40 years, more than 60,000 indentured laborers from India were brought to the island to work the plantations. It was replaced in 2012 with the new "Bole" (pronounced mBolay) war cry. How Did Fiji Get Its Name. More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which will provide more tourism opportunities. About three quarters of the over 800,000 people live on its largest island of Viti Levu. A nation of many islands. While indigenous Fijian culture and traditions are very vibrant and are integral components of everyday life for the majority of Fiji's population, Fijian society has evolved over the past century with the introduction of traditions such as Indian and Chinese as well as significant influences from Europe and Fiji's Pacific neighbours, particularly Tonga and Samoa. About 1.2% are Rotuman—natives of Rotuma Island, whose culture has more in common with countries such as Tonga or Samoa than with the rest of Fiji. google_ad_height = 600; google_ad_client = "pub-4643150179421087"; Read on to discover some interesting facts about Fiji. The Fiji Republic is actually not just one beautiful island but an archipelago of some 333 islands and over 500 islets. The Tanoa drinking bowl, used for serving kava, Fiji’s national drink, is the most common woodcarved item available for purchase. There are two other official languages English and Fijian Hindi or Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu). Association football was traditionally a minor sport in Fiji, popular largely amongst the Indo-Fijian community, but with international funding from FIFA and sound local management over the past decade, the sport has grown in popularity in the wider Fijian community. The team also competes in the Pacific Cup. Cricket Fiji is an associate member of the International Cricket Council ("ICC"). It may have helped to have the kids in tow. Fiji - Fiji - Land: Fiji has a complex geologic history. Our Fiji staff and volunteers are always telling us such wonderful things about this beautiful archipelago, so we decided to share some of our favourite facts with you. The British granted Fiji independence in 1970. Since becoming independent, Fiji has experienced times of democracy and military dictatorship. /* sci facts 160 */ The swimming is spectacular, the fish are friendly, there are caves and jungles to explore, and there are enough mangroves and mud pools to satisfy every get-grubby urge. The second 1987 coup saw both the Fijian monarchy and the Governor General replaced by a non-executive president and the name of the country changed from Dominion of Fiji to Republic of Fiji and then in 1997 to Republic of the Fiji Islands. A remote island, split by a narrow, 57 m deep cleft in two parts. There is a boulder ledged in this cleft, high above the water. Fiji gained independence from the British Empire in 1970 after 96 years as a British colony. The 1997 Constitution established Fijian as an official language of Fiji, along with English and Fiji Hindi. Thus, the various cultures of Fiji have come together to create a unique multicultural national identity. google_ad_height = 90; Viti Levu hosts the capital city of Suva, and is home to nearly three-quarters of the population. The Fijian flag is similar to both the Australian and New Zealand flags. The Fiji Republic is actually not just one beautiful island but an archipelago of some 333 islands and over 500 islets. Haf’liua– Rotuma. Endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, Fiji is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector. Located in the South Pacific, Fiji is an archipelago nation approximately 1,300 miles north of New Zealand. But who doesn’t like a good fact? Fiji consists of 330 islands spread over a 1.3 million square kilometer area. Other sports played include rugby 7's, rugby league and football (soccer). The International Date Line runs through Fiji’s island of Taveuni, where you can stand with one foot in today, and the other in yesterday or tomorrow! The islands are spread over 194,000 km² (75,000 mi²) of which just 10% is land. The official name of the country is the Republic of Fiji. A major attraction on the outer islands is scuba diving. Other important towns include Nadi and Lautoka. Within the matangali are a number of smaller collectives, known as the mbito. Trade between Fiji and neighbouring archipelagos long before European contact is testified by the canoes made from native Fijian trees found in Tonga and Tongan words being part of the language of the Lau group of islands. Northern 4. The official languages of Fiji are Fijian, English and Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu). Winston destroyed tens of thousands of homes across the island, killing 44 people and causing an estimated FJ$2 billion ($1 billion USD) in damage. The percentage of the population of Indo-Fijian descent has declined significantly over the last two decades due to migration for various reasons. Fiji is an archipelago that is made up of 300 islands and 540 islets. Read on to discover some interesting facts about Fiji. The flag has remained the same since the colonial period, despite calls for change from multiple politicians. Food gifts such as raw or cooked oxen, whole pigs and turtles are usually accompanied by non-food gifts like bark cloth, kava or valuable whale’s teeth. The population is dominated by the 15–64 age segment. Fresh fruit is one of the best Fiji food for kids to eat on your holidays. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north. It has 350,000 first-language speakers, which is less than half the population of Fiji, but another 200,000 speak it as a second language. Fiji is the hub of the South West Pacific, midway between Vanuatu and Tonga. His attack on the legislation, which continued unremittingly throughout May and into June and July, further strained his already tense relationship with the government. 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