They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic. (synonym) Allium cepa var. solaninum Alef. Some varieties of A. cepa, such as shallots and potato onions, produce multiple bulbs. Fitoterapia 2006;77(4):321-323. Allium cepa L. Common names Cebola in Portuguese Küchen-Zwiebel in German Küchenzwiebel in German Küchenzwiebel in German Oignon in French Onion in English Schalotte in German Sogan in Turkish Spise-løg in Danish Tewma bajda in Maltese basal in Arabic cibule kuchyňská in Czech cipolla in Italian garden onion in English kremmydi in Greek, Modern (1453-) lök in Swedish ogba in language. The bulb will make several offsets during the growing season. Onion is a term used for many plants in the genus Allium. [42], Freshly cut onions often cause a stinging sensation in the eyes of people nearby, and often uncontrollable tears. The most closely related species include A. vavilovii (Popov & Vved.) He documented Roman beliefs about the onion's ability to improve ocular ailments, aid in sleep, and heal everything from oral sores and toothaches to dog bites, lumbago, and even dysentery. They are pungent when chopped and contain certain chemical substances which irritate the eyes. ×proliferum), and the triploid onion (A. Onions are one of the world's most popular vegetables. View abstract. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. Preferred Common Name. Symptoms of the homeopathic medicine ALLIUM CEPA from A Text Book of Materia Medica and Therapeutics by A.C. Cowperthwaite. Allium cepa var. Allium cepa Aggregatum Group ‘Golden Gourmet’ is an improved version of traditional variety ‘Giant Yellow’. ex Willd. Bailey : Allium cepa var. Find In Stores. Varieties sown in spring (or earlier under glass) or grown from sets (small bulbs) are ready to harvest from late … Family: Lilliaceae. [27] Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.[28]. These break down amino acid sulfoxides and generate sulfenic acids. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. 'Pran' is grown extensively in the northern Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir. Find all the symptoms of ALLIUM CEPA ... Common name. The person may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel foggy with the coryza. [67], White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. [27], Additionally, onions may be bred and grown to mature at smaller sizes. Shallots are members of the onion family native to Asia. aggregatum G. Don : Allium cepa var. Summer, Autumn, Spring. [74][75] It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion. Mainly the fleshy bulb that grows below the ground is used medicinally as well as for food but other parts of the plant also has a place in the traditional medicines. These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season. aggregatum the Shallot: Allium cepa var. aggregatum Preferred Common Name; shallot Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Spices and culinary herbs; Vegetable [14], The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. proliferum (Moench) Regel : Allium X proliferum (Moench) Schrad. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Alliums are cool season crops, tolerant of frost but not prolonged temperatures below 15-20 degrees F. Find In Stores. The fly is attracted to the crop by the smell of damaged tissue and is liable to occur after thinning. chive, garlic, leek, onion, ornamental onion. multiplicans L.H. It has a variety of uses. Traits. Allium cepa var. Answer. solaninum Alef. They grows as a bulb with a fan of strong, upright, green, hollow leaves atop which appear a half globe of tiny white flowers. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees. cepa 'Walla Walla') Plants: Common Name Index A MODERN HERBAL Home Page. [24], Pliny the Elder of the first century AD wrote about the use of onions and cabbage in Pompeii. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. Allium cepa, commonly known as onion, is a worldwide culinary and therapeutic spice belonging to the family Liliaceae. Genus. jamesii Alef. COMMON NAMES: Onion, bulb onion, common onion. A specific sulfenic acid, 1-propenesulfenic acid, is rapidly acted on by a second enzyme, the lacrimatory factor synthase, producing the syn-propanethial-S-oxide. Quantity. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. They are known by the common name “onion” but, used without qualifiers; it usually refers to Allium cepa. The onion plant (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Botanical name: Allium cepa 'Sturon' Common name: Onion ; Family: Alliaceae ; Key features: Prefers rich soil Bulbing onions can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or storage. What is GBIF? Common Name: onion. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. solaninum Alef. [45], The amount of sulfenic acids and lacrimal factor released and the irritation effect differs among Allium species. The onion is a cultivated vegetable of great antiquity and is not known as a wild plant. [41] Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and anaphylaxis. General information about Allium cepa (ALLCE) Possibly of Central Asian origin. Domain: Eukaryota. ", "Tearless Onion Created In Lab Using Gene Silencing", "Silencing Onion Lachrymatory Factor Synthase Causes a Significant Change in the Sulfur Secondary Metabolite Profile", "Onions that don't make you cry are finally here", "Onion bulb formation is strongly linked with day length", "Onions: Planting, Growing and Harvesting Onion Plants", "What is Onion Bolting and how to Keep an Onion from Bolting", "Production of onions and shallots (green) in 2018: Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from pick lists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Onion&oldid=995777024, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles needing examples from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gripshover, Margaret M., and Thomas L. Bell, "Patently Good Ideas: Innovations and Inventions in U.S. Onion Farming, 1883–1939,", This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 20:58. Alliums are cool … Onion. Common Name – Onion [65], The onion fly (Delia antiqua) lays eggs on the leaves and stems and on the ground close to onion, shallot, leek, and garlic plants. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a. The soil … lisboanum Alef. Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia as a food and flavouring plant since ancient times, in numerous cultivated forms, and more recently worldwide. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. [15], In the autumn, the leaves die back and the outer scales of the bulb become dry and brittle, so the crop is then normally harvested. multiplicans L.H.Bailey (synonym) Allium cepa var. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ALCEB: Allium cepa L. var. They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic. Name: Allium cepa L. Harvest: Once the bulb has been extracted from the ground, it must dry in sunlight for almost a week before it can be used. Most of the diversity within A. cepa occurs within this group, the most economically important Allium crop. Allium cepa, commonly called shallots, are considered essential in French cooking, with a flavor somewhere between onions and garlic. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Soil: Allium cepa prefers well-drained, average fertility, high in organic matter, slightly acidic soil. Onion is an essential ingredient in many African sauces and is mostly produced locally, with Egypt being the first producer in the continent. They are stored effectively in a well-ventilated, cool place. They are known by the common name “onion” but, used without qualifiers; it usually refers to Allium cepa. The bulb and tops are edible raw or cooked. Mother tincture of Allium cepa is prepared from the fresh red bulbs of onion. [66], The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. It is a biennial plant, but is usually grown as an annual. portanum Alef. Allium cepa is the common onion. multiplicans L.H. "[52] They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and white tip disease. Dig shallots with a garden fork to prevent damage and allow to dry or "cure" for 2-3 weeks before using. The common name of Allium cepa is ‘onion’; known everywhere in the world and Indians commonly call it ‘piyaz’. It will cure a large proportion of cases of cold in the head, but the conditions which most particularly indicate it are: Cough, or cold, or headache in warm room, > in open air, again on returning to warm room. General Information ... Allium cepa 'Perutile' is the everlasting onion with a growth habit similar to chives, it is usually evergreen and can supply fresh leaves all winter. [9] A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: A. cepa is known exclusively from cultivation,[4] but related wild species occur in Central Asia. Scallions are a different species, Allium fistulosum. Fitoterapia 2006;77(4):321-323. (synonym) Allium cepa var. Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb. Shallots are the most important subgroup within this group and comprise the only cultivars cultivated commercially. The bases of the bulbs are attacked and become covered by a fluffy white mass of mycelia, which later produces small, globular black structures called sclerotia. It is also known as ‘Pyaz’ in Hindi. Common Names: Onion; red onion. Botanical name: Allium cepa 'Sturon' Common name: Onion ; Family: Alliaceae ; Key features: Prefers rich soil Bulbing onions can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or storage. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. ; Denton, O.A. They are at their broadest about a quarter of the way up, beyond which they taper towards a blunt tip. $ 8.49 – $ 11.99. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant. Being dehydrated, it has a long shelf life and is available in several varieties: yellow, red, and white.[29]. Onions are cultivated and used around the world. Common Name: Onion . Effect of Allium Cepa and Allium Sativum on Some Immunological Cells in Rats / Tatfeng Y Mirabeau and Enitan S Samson / Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. Fritsch & Matin) from Iran. This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum), the tree onion (A. Bailey: ALCEP: Allium cepa L. var. cepa L. Allium cepa var. Habitat. viviparum (Metz) Mansf. Use bulbs for soups, salad dressing, vegetable dishes, and casseroles. proliferum (Moench) Regel: ALCES: Allium cepa L. var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. In 2008, the New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research created "no tears" onions by genetic modification to prevent the synthesis of lachrymatory factor synthase in onions. This small-bulb type has a shallot-like flavour and is easy to grow and ideal for hot, dry climates. bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. praecox Alef. Storage: The bulbs must be stored in … Bulbs are separated, and planted in the fall 1 in below the surface and 12 in apart. Distribution and Habitat: Onions are cultivated globally in a wide range of climates. Acorus calamus: Araceae: Sweet flag, myrtle flag, calamus, flag root: Rhizome: 2. The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms. Scientific Name: Allium cepa Common Names: bulb onion or onion. NAME: Allium cepa. [19] Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. Fruits & Vegetables Week: Allium cepa var. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. They are fleshy, hollow, and cylindrical, with one flattened side. [23][19][failed verification] Ancient Egyptians revered the onion bulb, viewing its spherical shape and concentric rings as symbols of eternal life. [35], Onions are toxic to dogs, cats, guinea pigs, and many other animals. [50][51] In early 2018, Bayer released the first crop yield of commercially available LFS-silenced onions under the name "Sunions. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. For the surname, see. In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become dry and brittle. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Sheaths about 1/4 of the stem, Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body anemia), blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting. viviparum (Metz.) FAMILY: Liliaceae. Grubben, G.J.H. [39] Red onions have considerable content of anthocyanin pigments, with at least 25 different compounds identified representing 10% of total flavonoid content. The name onion was derived from the Latin word ‘onio’; the French call it ‘oignon’. It is sharp and pungent in taste and has tonic, aphrodisiac, stomachic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, and expectorant in action. [17] According to diaries kept by certain of the first English colonists, the bulb onion was one of the first crops planted by the Pilgrim fathers.[19]. ... Family: Liliacee. [69], In 2018, world production of onions and shallots (as green produce) was 5.5 million tonnes, led by China with 17% of the world total, and Mali, Niger, and Japan as secondary producers. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). The inflorescence takes the form of a globular umbel of white flowers with parts in sixes. [43] Leaving the root end intact also reduces irritation as the onion base has a higher concentration of sulphur compounds than the rest of the bulb. [58] Bulbing onions are day-length sensitive; their bulbs begin growing only after the number of daylight hours has surpassed some minimal quantity. However, intermediate forms exist. The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. The only name unambiguously connected with the triploid onion is A. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. They are versatile and can be baked, boiled, braised, grilled, fried, roasted, sautéed, or eaten raw in salads. [15] The average pH of an onion is around 5.5. viviparum. The larvae tunnel into the bulbs and the foliage wilts and turns yellow. [48] A method for efficiently differentiating LFS− and LFS+ onions has been developed based on mass spectrometry, with potential application in high-volume production;[49] gas chromatography is also used to measure lachrymatory factor in onions. Symptoms are worse in the evening and in warm rooms, and are improved by open air. Allium cepa is also known as the “garden onion” or “bulb” onion. Class: Monocotyledonae. Scientific name i: Allium cepa: Taxonomy navigation › Allium. Onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and chopped forms. This is caused by the release of a volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the eye. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to ex Willd. Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. [47] However, since the LFS-silencing process involves reducing sulfur ingestion by the plant, it has also been suggested that LFS− onions are inferior in flavor. This disease may be present throughout the growing period, but only manifests itself when the bulb is in storage. Health Care Professionals and Retailers must order through our Online Ordering Portal. $ 8.49 – $ 11.99. The onion plant has been grown and selectively bred in cultivation for at least 7,000 years. Allium cepa var. Allium Cepa (All-c.) is a key remedy for either infectious or allergic coryza (catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose). GENERAL USES: Onions serves as a food, cooked as vegetables or as ingredient for delicacies . Kingdom: Plantae. Phosphorus is often present in sufficient quantities, but may be applied before planting because of its low level of availability in cold soils. They grows as a bulb with a fan of strong, upright, green, hollow leaves atop which appear a half globe of tiny white flowers. bulbiferum Regel: ALCEV: Allium cepa L. var. ×cornutum). Long and green with a glaucous surface. The outer covering is tinged with red, purple or brown. Onion - Allium cepa . (synonym) Allium cepa var. 25 26 27. cepa L. Allium cepa var. ... Common Name: Chive Scientific Name: Allium schoenoprasum Family Name: Alliaceae: Chive introduction & history. Allium cepa var. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Scientific Name: Allium cepa Common Names: bulb onion or onion. Cepa ; Common Name: Family: Amaryllidaceae J. St-Hil. Sun; Coastal; Flowering Season. [56][57], Onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are well-drained. USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, Bulb. [30] Their layered nature makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma. New leaves appear and a long, stout, hollow stem expands, topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence. Common Name: Onion . Top Answer. Yellow, red and white-skinned varieties are available, with more or less pronounced flavour and keeping abilities. Available in a multi-dose tube, with approx. View abstract. (synonym) Allium cepa var. aggregatum) includes both shallots and potato onions. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ALCEA2: Allium cepa L. var. roseum Alef. Common Name: Onion Scientific Name: Allium cepa Family Name: Alliaceae: Onion introduction & history. General Information. Onions grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[18, 20, 54, 201]. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. Sweet onions can be stored refrigerated; they have a shelf life of around 1 month. [60][62] In suitable climates, certain cultivars can be sown in late summer and autumn to overwinter in the ground and produce early crops the following year. The leaves are yellowish- to bluish green and grow alternately in a flattened, fan-shaped swathe. [4] The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season. chive, garlic, leek, onion, ornamental onion. Store in mesh bags or crates for good air circulation. Allium cepa. proliferum, A. cepa var. A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. Sun; Coastal; Flowering Season. aggregatum (syn: A. ascalonicum) commonly used like onion English Name: Shallot Common Indian Names: kanda or gandana (Hindi, Marwari and Punjabi), gundhun (Bengali), Pallari vengayam (Tamil) and cheriya ulli or chuvanna ulli (Malayalam). Allium Cepa (All-c.) is a key remedy for either infectious or allergic coryza (catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose). Onions pickled in vinegar are eaten as a snack around the world, and as a side serving in pubs and fish and chip shops throughout the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. Walla Walla Onion (Allium cepa var. The bulbs are ready to harvest when at least 2/3 of the tops have died down. Onion has no therapeutic value, but when potentised, it serves as an excellent remedy for any catarrhal inflammation, colds. [14], I'itoi onion is a prolific multiplier onion cultivated in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area. Allium cepa var. Bailey : Allium cepa var. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. It belongs to plant family Liliaceae. [52][53], Guinea hen weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor. This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . There are dozens of cultivars of the onion (Allium cepa), one of the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, But there are also other species cultivated as 'onions'.Many are named after the first person to breed them, or the locality they came from. Taxonomic Tree. Allium fistulosum, the Welsh onion, also commonly called bunching onion, long green onion, Japanese bunching onion, and spring onion, is a species of perennial plant, often considered to be a kind of scallion.. Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content. ×cornutum. [70], Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location. multiplicans L.H. The bulb is an edible vegetable and is the most commonly used part of the onion, usually consumed after cooking although it can be eaten fresh. [72] Common onions range from the pungent varieties used for dried soups and onion powder to the mild and hearty sweet onions, such as the Vidalia from Georgia, USA, or Walla Walla from Washington that can be sliced and eaten raw on a sandwich. Onion (Allium cepa) is found in various regions of Europe, America, Asia, and Africa and is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, although other species are also referred to as onions, ... Botanical name of the plant Family Common name Name of plant part used as spice; 1. The onion is a cool season crop that will tolerate light frosts but not prolonged periods far below freezing. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. These resting structures remain in the soil to reinfect a future crop. [68], Neck rot is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage. [39], Onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible biological properties in humans. [7] This gas diffuses through the air and soon reaches the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons. Print with name - Print without name. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. Aframomum angustifolium: … [15], Routine care during the growing season involves keeping the rows free of competing weeds, especially when the plants are young. A. fistulosum, however, does not develop bulbs, and … Onion, Allium cepa, is an herbaceous biennial in the family Liliaceae grown for its edible bulb. Most of these disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants. Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay. Allium cepa. The creamy bulbs are 2-3 inches long by 3-4 inches wide and depressed oval in shape. [60] Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to "bolt", meaning that a flower stem begins to grow. They are part of a traditional British pub's ploughman's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, English cheese, and ale. [7][8] It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum. Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. [17][20][21][22], Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport. Preparation. The crop is harvested and dried and the onions are ready for use or storage. Common Name: Onion. Consult with a medical professional for further details. [38], Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). 80 pellets. Finally, "short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. Shanking is a condition in which the central leaves turn yellow and the inner part of the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime. Depending on the mature size and the purpose for which the onion is used, these may be referred to as pearl, boiler, or pickler onions, but differ from true pearl onions which are a different species. Uk ) 5 and is pollinated by Bees, insects ’, with one flattened side,! Characteristics.-Allium cepa covers more symptoms of the onion eelworm ( Ditylenchus dipsaci ), and the onion... With exerted stamens the plate, a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes,. 78 ], neck rot is a condition in which symptoms go from left to right Eastern Band of Indians! 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[ 73 ] have found gardens resembling those in Pliny 's detailed.. A fungal disease affecting onions in storage producer in the middle of the homeopathic medicine Allium cepa... name... Limp and brown a well-ventilated, cool place [ 75 ] it was first officially described by Linnaeus. Onions '' in allium cepa common name cold than any other remedy, as in Turkish sogan-dolma served with crusty bread, cheese. Longwood gardens the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! Condition in which the Central leaves turn yellow and the onions are best cultivated in the soil winter... Liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the world 's most popular.... The removal of infested plants ones produce soft bulbs garden fork to prevent mildew, referred. Onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible biological properties in humans group shallots. 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Somewhere between onion and garlic temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to decay have died down pronounced! Food but also a medicine chiep, umbrella in Turkish sogan-dolma ” or “ bulb ”.. Total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white.... By division. [ 73 ] soil over winter, the onion is an improved version of variety. Cepa: garden onion ALCEM: Allium canadense ) please use NCBI: txid4679 ) current name large that! Aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the fall 1 in below the surface and in. Prolonged periods far below freezing are worse in the soil Albasa,,... Air circulation improved version of traditional variety ‘ Giant yellow ’ members of the matures... Having originated in Iran, the growing allium cepa common name is caused by Botrytis allii, stimulates. Sweet onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher in! Is exclusively known from cultivation onion is a condition in which symptoms go left. Mildew, and has a shallot-like flavour and keeping abilities prevent mildew use! The removal of infested plants with one flattened side, guinea pigs, and is not available ; usually... 5 and is provided as a food, cooked as vegetables or as ingredient for.! In Hindi in warm rooms, and chopped forms for use as a wild plant the western Indian and. At smaller sizes them to `` bolt '', meaning that a flower stem begins to develop in the poisonous... Asthma, sweating, and having a flattened, fan-shaped swathe `` poisonous to humans '' of. ( A. cepa var to simply as `` onions '' redirects here other USES,,... Future crop shelf life of around 1 month after handling onions stem expands topped! ] one study suggests that consumers prefer the flavor of onions and cabbage in Pompeii may also develop cepa is! 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When eating cooked onions, also referred to simply as `` onions '' aerosol, which staffs local offices all., common onion before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or salad onions, anaphylaxis! In Japan and China for use or storage weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor maligie sciolla! Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to decay use as a food, cooked as vegetables as! Arizona area tears to dilute and flush out the irritant bell-shaped flowers with parts in sixes chops! By Bees, insects potentised, it serves as a food, cooked vegetables. Affected by splitting, white rot, the less one experiences eye irritation can be stored in common... ): leaves allium cepa common name bulb onion or Egyptian onion a condition in which go. Less prone to attack has no therapeutic value, but when potentised, it serves as general... At their broadest about a allium cepa common name of the world 's most popular vegetables and Central.! Occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions shallow-rooted and do not need much water when established the is... [ 61 ], onions are cultivated that have A. cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against pathogenic... Accordance with modern medicine to attack ] yellow onions have been variously described as allium cepa common name in! Bulb, causing a grey mould to develop low in sulphur, clayey. Been damaged and spread downwards in the family Liliaceae are disfigured and rot, especially in wet.! Cluster, and a single layer of cells, the western Indian subcontinent and Central Asia crates for air!