Its white flowers are attractive and fragrant in the spring, producing a beautiful flower show. The plums change from yellow to red as they ripen. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is named for one of the native peoples that harvested its fruit for fresh and dried food uses. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a plum native to the southern United States and is hardy from USDA Zones 6-9.A member of the Rosaceae (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity.Found mainly in disturbed areas, the small half-inch flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood before the foliage emerges, making them particularly showy. If these are absent, there was a problem with initial fruit … As with most things I seem to encounter in the outdoors, I “shoulda been there yesterday.”  However, I was able to gather up a few to munch on, and bring home to make some Wild Plum Wine. It’s good to hear from you, my friend. ( Log Out /  Deer and turkey relish its sweet red fruit in late summer. Edible parts of Chickasaw Plum: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. Map Legend. 1965. Chickasaw Plum. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 934p. Enjoy the fruits of your labor! Home › Food › Wild Plum – Chickasaw Plum – Prunus Augustifolia, By greatoutdoordinary on July 24, 2018 • ( 2 ). The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. 2nd Ed. Then the small fruits appear, turning from red to yellow as they ripen. The flowers have five white petals with reddish or orange anthers. Vibrant yellow Chickasaw Plums on the left, and on the right, a pit from a juicy, sweet plum I couldn’t resist sampling. A handful of ripe wild Chickasaw Plums next to a green fruit. The flowers are very attractive to a wide range of pollinators. Seed - raw or cooked. I must admit that I’m not even certain that I haven’t found a hybrid between the Chickasaw and American Plum. There is no need to prepare the fruit, as songbirds love the fruit, and so do many other animals. Use of sand plums range from cover for native bird species to making jams, jellies, and wine from the fruit. Even though there weren’t lots of plums, I managed to collect a few. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; Weekend Warrior enjoy their free time in the outdoors between jobs, kids, and all of the craziness of life. Their thicket growth pattern also make them ideal to prevent soil erosion in sandy areas where other plants may not take root because of dry conditions or soil type. They will have one or two sucker plants come up from the root system within … Found in the North Florida area by Mr. Odom, an employee of Superior nursery. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. ( Log Out /  Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a multi-trunked, deciduous, native plum tree that grows from 12 to 20 feet tall, spreading 15 to 20 feet wide in USDA zones 6a through 9b.Chickasaw plum shows white to cream or gray flowers in spring, later yielding fleshy, round plums 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. When I say thicket of plums, I mean THICKET of plums! This plant is known to have been intentionally spread by various Native American trips to increase its range, and provide them with a greater abundance of this sweet summer treat. Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. A thicket-forming small tree that provides great nesting cover for quail and turkeys as well as countless other wildlife. Loup Garou (Rougarou) – The Cajun Werewolf. Prunus angustifolia - Chickasaw plum Range Map. Bartram, W. Change ). This particular patch had a deer bed under the thicket. Birds and other animals would do the rest by eating the fruit and depositing the pit (along with a little of their own fertilizer) all over the animals travel routes. You get two plants for pollination, but plant more for an attractive screen—8-10 ft. tall. They are shorter and narrower with thorny branches. Sand plums bear red-orange plums eaten by many types of wildlife as well as human foragers. I’ve been on that property many times during the spring and summer, but every time I went it was either blooming or the birds and other critters had cleaned out all the plums. Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida. Small but very sweet, these plums can be eaten raw, made into preserves, or even fermented into wine. Late ripening native Chickasaw plum (Prunus agustifolia). It is "twiggy" in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. it looks like a peach, plum, etc. They are great to eat right off of the tree as a raw fruit. Masses of white flowers cover the canopy just before the leaves appear in spring. There were still a few green fruit despite being later in the year. It grows with multiple stems with branches that have reddish brown bark, and it yields 1/4- to 1/2-inch-wide yellow, orange or red plums with thin skin. Trees have the disease tolerance of the native plum making it … [12], They grow around Beaver County Oklahoma and Lipscomb county Texas. II. Notice the “thin leaf” that gives this plant the name augustifolia. IDENTIFICATION: Chickasaw Plum: Small thorny tree to 25 feet, usually much smaller, flower small, under half an inch, 5 white petals, fragrant; reddish orange anthers, appear in clumps in early spring before the leaves, fruit bright yellow to red, round to oval, 1/3 to 1/2 inch in diameter, flesh juicy small plum, bark first smooth and reddish then with numerous elongated light horizontal hash marks. Plum juice can be fermented into plum wine. The sand plum makes an interesting ornamental hedge or tree anywhere in hardiness zones 5 to 9. In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, 0.3–0.4 in (8–10 mm) wide, along with red plums, up to 1 in (25 mm) long. Also called sand hill plum or Chickasaw plum, this tree often forms thickets of plants only a few feet tall. Venison Bone Broth – Don’t Throw Out Your Bones! They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. Its branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches. The taste of the plum fruit ranges from sweet to tart; the skin itself may be particularly tart. The 0.5-inch-diameter fruits which follow are red, ripening to yellow, and are ex… They may be eaten raw and are often made into jellies. Definition of Chickasaw plum : a native American shrub or small tree (Prunus angustifolia) that has red or yellowish cherrylike fruit and has given rise to several cultivated varieties in the southern U.S. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Forming thickets of large bushes/small trees across Texas, Chickasaw Plums are by far sweeter than Mexican Plums. If you have a large landscape, plant Chickasaw Plum as a beautiful tree to protect our environment. The Chickasaw Plum tree requires no spraying , blooms cold hardy flowers, spreads vigorously, is very heat and drought tolerant and disease resistant. His friend squished one, tasted it, and went wide eyed because it was sweet and a little tart! They noticed little golden colored balls in the trees. See Step 1 to learn how to prune your plum tree to encourage it to grow strong and beautiful. The plums found in the grocery store are domestic varieties. Prefers variety of moist soils as well as sandy upland sites. growth and general appearance the tree is like the American Chickasaw Plums. Chickasaw Plum trees DO sucker, but not so badly as to be "invasive" in my opinion. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50673310A50673313.en, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, The University of Texas at Austin Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_angustifolia&oldid=993022964, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 11:22. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). A true edible ornamental, thickets of native Chickasaw plum are a welcome sight to bears, raccoons, foxes, deer, man, and other wildlife. Plum trees need to be pruned once a year so that they'll retain a healthy shape and produce abundant fruit. Canada plum - Prunus nigra - The best plum pollinator The Canadian plum (Prunus nigra) is native, ... $ 0.00: This wild plum tree is native to Canada and will pollinate A merican and A sian plum trees. Pull up a chair, grab a cold one, and enjoy. Chickasaw plum grows 12 to 20 ft (3.7 to 6.1 m) feet tall and 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6.1 m) wide in an irregular shape. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. Small but very sweet, these plums can be eaten raw, made into preserves, or even fermented into wine. Beautiful red fruit is of large size, crisp and sweet. In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, 0.3–0.4 in wide, along with red plums, up to … They also provide food for a variety of species. It was known to have been cultivated by Native Americans even before the discovery of the Americas and subsequent colonization by Europeans. [11], It is used by many species as a larval host, including the black-waved flannel moth, the blinded sphinx, the cecropia moth, the coral hairstreak, the elm sphinx, the hummingbird clearwing moth, the imperial moth, the Io moth, the polyphemus moth, the promethea silkmoth, the red-spotted purple, the small-eyed sphinx, the spring azure, the striped hairstreak, and the tiger swallowtail. First cultivated in 1874, the fruit was used for making wine, jam, and jelly. The fruit is round, and under an inch in diameter (most being roughly 1/2″). Chickasaw Plum trees DO sucker, but not so badly as to be "invasive" in my opinion. New Plum, "Apple." PLUMS, continued. The Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is also known as the Sandhill plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum and mountain-cherry. Once the flowers are pollinated, the plums start to grow. The fruit can be anywhere from bright yellow (as were all of the fruits from this thicket) to red. Reports are they make great jams or jellies, and pies (never tried it myself because of what else they are known to make). They are impressive to look at when in bloom. They are covered with white flowers in the mid-to-late winter and the fruit is ready to pick by the beginning of June. It occurs naturally in dry hammocks, woodland edges, and disturbed areas and roadsides. : Chickasaw plum is a popular plant for use in developing wildlife habitat on sandy soils. Map Legend. It requires low to medium amounts of water to grow, and dry, sandy or loose soil. Sargent, C. S. Manual of the trees of North America. Introduction. 2- to 3- ft. trees. You can tell right after bloom if your tree will set fruit. Antifa Leader Pulls Gun on Police and is Killed *VIDEO*, 7 Reasons Theodore Roosevelt Is A Badass of the Outdoors, How to Skin an Alligator (for Belly Skin Leather), Follow Greatoutdoordinary on WordPress.com. Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. They require full … Its small sweet-tart fruits are pinkish-red to yellow with an extremely juicy golden flesh that will burst in your mouth. Honestly, I don’t give a crap which one it is, as long as the fruit tastes good, because they are all equally edible; however, the Flatwood is known to be somewhat bitter on occasion. USDA Forest service. Edible parts of Chickasaw Plum: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. However, there is a (Chickasaw) wild native American plum tree that grows in thickets and is becoming more rare to find as the years go by. Prunus is Latin for “plum,” and augustifolia means “thin leaf.” They do have a skinny leaf. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans [4][5][6] While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. The plums are cherry-like and tend to be quite tart until they fully ripen. Here is a picture of a sand plum thicket. Forming thickets of large bushes/small trees across Texas, Chickasaw Plums are by far sweeter than Mexican Plums. Congratulations on your awesome discovery, my friend. Chickasaw plums form a rounded mass of slen… The tart plums can be eaten fresh or turned into tasty jelly, and they’re also enjoyed by wildlife. The Chickasaw will be roughly 5 to 15 feet tall (some get taller but most are short). Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum, is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. The native peoples would eat the fruit outright, or dry it for little sugar action during the winter months. What was my reason for picking these little beauties, you ask? Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; ( Log Out /  Chickasaw Plum, Watson's plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry: Family: Rosaceae: ... Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use[82, 149, 274]. This tree is quite drought tolerant, and will grow in just about any type of soil (all the while providing food for people and/or wildlife). They flower in the spring time and will have 5 white petals. Large and thin-skinned with a soft juicy sweet pulp, it has a dlicious flavour and is very good eaten out of hand, whilst it can also be used in pies, preserves etc[183, 274]. The flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood and are especially dramatic since they appear before the trees puts out new leaves. I had to add a few store bought plums to get enough fruit, but it made a delicious, bright wine. It is “twiggy” in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. Native Hardy Plums. Chickasaw Plum (Prunus angustifolia). To quote Benjamin Franklin “beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be happy.” I’m sure the same can be said of wild plum wine. Pretty much any state where it can get enough chill hours to produce fruit, but doesn’t get turned into a plum-cicle every year is where it will take hold. Various other animals also use it for loafing, bedding and escape cover. American plum (Prunus americana Marsh.) Unless they are quite old, the diameter of the trees are not usually very large, and have a thicket like appearance. Plum is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera, including November moth, willow beauty and short-cloaked moth. Turning Natures Bounty Into Booze! [9] The species grows in dry and sandy soils, such as open woodlands, woodland edges, forest openings, savannahs, prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. Prunus angustifolia - Chickasaw plum Range Map. The fruit is up to 18mm in diameter. The Chickasaw Plum is a wild native plum that will grow as a single tree or form a thicket if left unmanaged. The fruit is consumed by numerous birds and other animals (Kansas Forest Service, 2010). tree). P. angustifolia is very difficult to distinguish from Prunus umbellata, with which it hybridizes easily.[8]. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. The Chickasaw Plum can satisfy many applications in the landscape. They are covered with white flowers in the mid-to-late winter and the fruit is ready to pick by the beginning of June. It should be part of a native landscape planting. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. You can see the short thicket of the Chickasaw Plum. The pictures for this article were taken June 13th, and I was a little late. Its branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches. 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Into preserves, or dry it for loafing, bedding and escape.... Ovary should be part of a sand plum makes an interesting ornamental hedge or tree anywhere in zones. To prepare the fruit is of large size, crisp chickasaw plum fruit sweet “ plum, Cherokee,. Found a hybrid between the Chickasaw plum ( in my opinion that ripen to with!